As a general rule, there are very few dermatological emergencies. Consider seeing a dermatologist more urgently when an area of skin appears really bad, or when you have a diagnosis dilemma, that is, after seeing multiple GPs who have given multiple diagnosis which have yet had no improvement to your skin condition. Also see a dermatologist when you suspect you may have a severe drug allergic reaction.
There aren’t many dermatological emergencies that are life-threatening or critical. However, Steven Johnson Syndrome/ Toxic Epidermonecrolysis is a severe allergic reaction to certain drugs, especially antiepileptic and gout medication. It causes generalized peeling of the skin, leaving erosion. These can also affect the mouth, nose, genital and anal area. Other dermatology emergencies include Generalized Pustular Psoriasis, Acute Erythroderma, Severe Pemphigus/ Pemphigoid, drug reaction with eosinophilia and system symptoms (DRESS), and generalized bullous fixed drug eruption.
Jumping from one doctor to another without getting any better. Developing side effects from medications due to unregulated use. Being influenced/ brainwashed by social media posts regarding skin diseases and unproven treatments.
Sexually transmitted infections (STI), leprosy, aesthetics, hair and nail disorders.
Dermatologists treat cracked heels and calluses, and can help to rule out concurrent fungal infections. A dermatologist can also remove calluses under aseptic techniques (scraping/cryotherapy), and prescribe salicylic acids.
Essentially, skin care should be simple and targeted to each person’s problem areas. You could also check with your dermatologist on your next visit.
Teenagers need very individualized treatment. It is not just the same for all teens. Teens generally require a gentle face wash and sunscreen. Toner is optional, and moisturizers depend on skin type. It is best to see a dermatologist who can assess the skin of the teenaged patient and give appropriate advice.
Moisturizing and using creams with retinol, hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, lasers, and hormone replacement therapy are some ways to regain elasticity. It’s best to consult with a dermatologist before any treatment begins.
A dermatologically tested product means the product has been tested on human skin, the formula was found to be safe when applied on skin, and it was tolerated by the persons who tested it on their skin. The recommended way of testing is by repeatedly applying the product on human skin (on the same area). In Malaysia, if such a safety claim is to be made, it has to be supported by adequate evidence, and appropriate human testing is necessary rather than animal testing. There is a guideline available for control of cosmetic products in Malaysia (under NPRA).
No beautician should do any invasive and laser procedures. If you are offered double eyelid surgery, injections or a laser performed by a beautician in a non-clinic setting, please do not do it. It is better to be safe than sorry. Always consult a Board-Certified and recognized dermatologist before any such procedures.